Fibromyalgia and chest pain: What is normal, symptoms, and treatment | BY HEIDI

Fibromyalgia and chest pain: What is normal, symptoms, and treatment | BY HEIDI


     

    Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition. A person will often experience pain, tenderness, and stiffness in many muscles, connective tissues, bones, and joints. While symptoms differ among people, many report intense, sharp, or stabbing pain in the chest and ribcage.


    When fibromyalgia causes inflammation of the cartilage that joins the upper ribs to the breastbone, it results in a condition called costochondritis.


    The resulting pain may be confused with heart-related pain. As always, a correct diagnosis is essential.


    In this article, we look at what kinds of chest pain are normally associated with fibromyalgia. We also describe treatment options.


    Is it normal?

    Fibromyalgia may cause pain throughout the body, including the chest.

    People with fibromyalgia tend to have chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness that radiates throughout the body. Although it was once considered a noninflammatory illness, research from 2017Trusted Source suggests that fibromyalgia causes widespread inflammation that is not detected by routine blood tests.


    If fibromyalgia-related inflammation affects the cartilage that connects the upper ribs to the breastbone, this can result in costochondritis.


    Fibromyalgia can also cause inflammation, pain, stiffness, and muscle spasms anywhere in the chest.


    What does fibromyalgia chest pain feel like?

    When first experiencing costochondritis or painful or restrictive chest symptoms associated with fibromyalgia, many worry that something is wrong with their lungs or that they are having a heart attack.


    People tend to describe the pain as:


    stabbing

    burning

    aching

    confined to one spot, usually in the very center of the chest, but it may radiate outward

    Symptoms of fibromyalgia chest pain

    The severity of symptoms will generally depend on the extent of inflammation. This is true for symptoms of costochondritis and chest-related fibromyalgia symptoms.


    The pain described above may:


    worsen with movement, deep breathing, or pressure

    come and go

    improve with shallow, steady breathing and rest

    begin in one place and radiate outward, impacting a larger area

    worsen when stretching, bending, or twisting

    Pain caused by costochondritis may be felt either in the center of the chest or anywhere along the cartilage that runs between the sternum, or breastbone, and the ribs.


    Causes

    An infection or illness may cause additional chest pains in someone with fibromyalgia.

    Fibromyalgia can cause chest pain when it affects the muscles, tendons, or ligaments in the area.


    When fibromyalgia impacts the cartilage that connects the ribs to the sternum, it can cause costochondritis.


    Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in joints. The cartilage that joins the ribs to the sternum allows the ribcage to expand during inhalation. Because of this, people with severe costochondritis may have difficulty or experience pain while taking deep breaths.


    Researchers are not sure why fibromyalgia occurs. Physical or emotional stress may prompt an abnormal response of the central nervous system, causing extensive pain.


    Triggering events may include:


    infection or illness

    grief

    injury

    Symptoms of fibromyalgia may be provoked by changing levels of some neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that help the nerves to communicate.


    People with fibromyalgia tend to have increased levels of neurotransmitters that communicate pain, such as glutamate and substance P. Alterations in levels of this substance seem to change how the brain understands pain.


    Also, individuals with fibromyalgia often have lower levels of neurotransmitters that inhibit the communication of pain, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid.


    These differences in neurotransmitter levels may indicate that people with fibromyalgia have exaggerated responses to pain. Or, it may mean that the brain mistakenly perceives normal sensations as pain.


    HEALTHLINE NEWSLETTER

    Healthline's Heart Health newsletter can help

    When dealing with heart issues, it can be hard to filter out the noise and navigate your inbox. Healthline gives you actionable advice from doctors that's inclusive and rooted in medical expertise.


    Treatment

    Doctors and researchers are still working to determine the best treatments for fibromyalgia. Each person responds to treatment differently.


    Medical treatment

    When chest pain is severe, long-lasting, disabling, or frequent, comprehensive treatment may be necessary.


    The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have yet to specify any treatment for fibromyalgia, though the organization has approved certain medications for use in managing symptoms.


    Medications approved for the management of fibromyalgia include:


    pregabalin (Lyrica) and gabapentin

    some tricyclic antidepressants, specifically duloxetine (Cymbalta)

    some selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, specifically milnacipran (Savella)

    Home remedies

    Some lifestyle adjustments and natural remedies have been shown to reduce symptoms of costochondritis and others associated with fibromyalgia.


    Options for immediate relief include:


    resting

    applying a heating pad for 20-minute periods

    applying an ice pack wrapped in cloth for no longer than 20 minutes at a time

    taking over-the-counter pain medication that does not conflict with prescription medication

    gently stretching, focusing on the muscles, ligaments, and tendons of the chest and the sides

    taking quiet, shallow breaths

    relaxing as much as possible and remembering that the pain will eventually diminish

    reimagining the pain as a less unpleasant sensation such as numbness or tickling

    Lifestyle adjustments that may help to reduce long-term symptoms include:


    getting enough sleep and staying hydrated

    eating a healthful, balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fiber, lean proteins, and whole grains

    avoiding or limiting the consumption of foods and drinks that cause inflammation, such as preserved foods, red meats, rich or spicy foods, and alcohol

    doing gentle exercises, such as yoga, Pilates, walking, cycling, and swimming

    engaging in mindfulness techniques, such as meditation or guided visualization

    avoiding allergens, especially food and airborne allergens

    Alternative therapies

    Some traditional and alternative medical therapies are often recommended to treat long-term symptoms, though limited scientific evidence may support their use.


    Popular therapies with preliminarily evidence include:


    chiropractic therapy

    physiotherapy

    acupuncture therapy

    hydrotherapy

    transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, commonly known as TENS

    massage

    aromatherapy

    cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT

    Post a Comment